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Northwest Territories
Indigenous Ways of Knowing & Being
History, Traditional Medicines, On-the-Land

Youth (up to age 30)
Families / Parents, 3, 6, 9, 12, 1, 4, 7, 10, Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten, 2, 5, 8, 11, Post-Secondary, Professional Development/Continuing Education

Acknowledgement Protocol

Please read this Acknowledgement before the start of this lesson to respect the knowledge that is being shared and the Land of the People where the knowledge originates:

Note: As long as the 'Acknowledgement Protocol' is followed to honour the Land and the People where a lesson plan originates, lesson plans appearing on NCCIE.CA may be adapted to different places and different ages of learners. What is the Land Acknowledgement where you live?   Read More


Name Role/Job Title Place
Kyla LeSage
Paul Mackenzie
YKDFN Community Members
Kelsey Wrightson

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this lesson plan, students will be able to:

1. Understand and appreciate the Dene practice of consent with the land when harvesting spruce boughs;

2. See how spruce boughs are used in wall tents out on the land.

Teachers' Guide


  • Spiritual (e.g., Relational) Learners
  • Physical (e.g., Tactile, Experiential, Visual) Learners
  • Intellectual (e.g., Rational, Logical) Learners
  • Emotional (e.g., Feeling, Intuitive) Learners
Title Type
Photograph 1 - weaving spruce boughs in a wall tent File
Photograph 2 - spruce boughs on the floor of a wall tent File
Supplies: tobacco or gift for giving thanks; tools for harvesting spruce boughs Supplies and Equipment
Short Video - giving thanks with tobacco File

Holism and All Our Relations

This lesson plan has been developed with an Indigenous lens that is holistic in nature, a way of being and knowing that acknowledges our relationships with 'all our relations', including plants and animals, other human beings, the water, land, wind, sun, moon, stars, and more - everything seen and unseen. With 'all our relations' in mind, this lesson plan has been developed with a focus on:

On-the-land/outdoor learning experiences
Language and Culture
Intergenerational learning with Elders/Knowledge Holders
Ethics in the classroom: care, truthfulness and trust, respect, integrity
Different learning styles; attention given to mind, body, and spirit
Connections with everyday life
Participatory and experiential learning activities
Healthy relationship with self and identity
Personal reflection time (connecting with thoughts and feelings)

Lesson Plan Length

Estimated Length (hh:mm): 3:30
(includes time for instruction, activities, self-reflection, and assessment, if applicable)

Other Details

Meets curriculum expectations or outcomes for: Northwest Territories

Lesson Plan Topics


Please contact Dechinta  for more information.