Resource Library

This searchable database features a diverse array of documents about Indigenous education from across Canada. NCCIE Researchers have generated these lists based on what they could find in their respective regions. While not exhaustive, the Resource Library contains a great deal of information, and will be updated as new resources are identified. You are able to search for curricula, journal articles, policy documents, and more. You can choose to sort listings by province, type of publication, and keywords. If you would like to recommend an addition to this database, please click here and provide the full citation, along with keywords/phrases, in the comment space provided. In addition to the citation, please provide a url, if the material is available on-line. Thank you.

This Resource Library is currently under development. More resources will be added throughout 2019.

Type Title Description Author Region Link Keywords
News article B.C. educators build confidence, capacity to teach students about residential schools.

Educators from across B.C. gathered in Richmond on Wednesday for a professional development session focused on how to teach their students about residential schools and reconciliation.

CBC British Columbia URL
Teachers Guide Grade 12 Current Topics in First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Studies: A Foundation for Implementation

Building bridges of understanding and respect between Indigenous and non-Indigenous “Canadians”, promotes personal and social responsibility, all while connecting the learner to family ( as well to local, national, and global communities).

Government of Manitoba Manitoba URL Secondary education, Indigenous healing, responsibility, implementation, reconciliation, Grade 9, Grade 12
Bibliography Manitoba Kindergarten to Grade 4 Aboriginal Languages and Cultures

Reference tool to help educators select student and teacher learning resources related to the clusters and learning experiences in Kindergarten to Grade 4 Aboriginal Languages and Cultures: A Foundation for Implementation— Draft, in development.

Government of Manitoba Manitoba URL Indigenous education, bibliography, teachers guide, recommendations, learning resources, reference
Government document Education Partnership Letter of Understanding

an agreement “with the province of Manitoba and the Manitoba First Nations Education Resource Centre (MFNERC), and covers all First Nations in Manitoba.”

Government of Manitoba Manitoba URL Indigenous education, agreement, Crown, Manitoba government, First Nations
Website Walking and Talking Treaties: The Power of Students’ Inquiry in Deepening the Social Studies Curriculum

A report on the Urban Aboriginal Education Pilot Project

Dion, Susan D.; Johnston, Krista; Rice, Carla, M (2010) Ontario URL Indigenous education, teacher-inspired, treaty history, urban
Website Walking and Talking Treaties: The Power of Students’ Inquiry in Deepening the Social Studies Curriculum

Teacher who was inspired to explore the connected histories of Indigenous, settler and immigrant communities

Walking and Talking Treaties teacher resource- collaborative between artists and parents involved, Maria Hupfield and Emily Chan. EFTO Voice. 2017 Ontario URL Indigenous education, teacher-inspired, treaty history; Indigenous, settler and immigrant communities
Article ‘Closing the Gap’ at the Peril of Widening the Void: Implications of the Ontario Ministry of Education’s Policy for Aboriginal Education

There is a crisis relevant to the publicly funded education of Aboriginal students in Ontario. This article, which presents the details of the crisis, analyzes recent policy statements released by the Ontario Ministry of Education designed to address that crisis. By defining the nature of this critical juncture, presenting how these policies may be “widening the void” rather than “closing the gap,” and offering opportunities to respond by improving the capabilities of teachers to enact those policies in their classrooms, the authors appeal to school boards, faculty associations, as well as Deans of Education, to act decisively to support Aboriginal self-determination.

Cherubini, L., Hodson, J., Manley-Casimir, M., & Muir, C. (2010). Ontario URL Indigenous education, Indigenous scholarship, reconciliation, educational policy
Resource video Voices of Wisdom: Learning from Elders

In this 14-minute video, First Nations elders, an Inuit elder and a Métis senator share personal stories of tragedy, experience, wisdom and cultural identity. Their words underline the importance of understanding our Canadian history and the experiences First Nations, Inuit and Métis students bring to our classrooms.

Ontario College of Teachers Ontario URL Residential School, FNMI education, elders, knowledge, teachings, wisdom, Indigenous education
Resource directorate UofT/OISE: Deepening Knowledge – Resources for and about Aboriginal Education

Resources for Teacher Education Instructors & Teacher Candidates

Various (OISE) Ontario URL Indigenous education, resource guide, directory, Indigenous research, Education scholarship
resource video Knowledge Keepers Visual Narrative

Designed to enhance teachers’ practice in incorporating First Nations, Métis and Inuit perspectives into their teaching through a story of an educator on Manitoulin Island who, after years of overcoming life’s challenges, has helped numerous First Nations children receive an education.

Ontario College of Teachers Ontario URL knowledge keepers, teacher education, learning resource, Indigenous education, traditional education, learning guide, teacher guide, video, YouTube
Indigenous booksellers Good Minds

Indigenous-owned bookselling business for First Nations, Métis and Inuit teaching and education resources vetted by Indigenous reviewers

Good Minds Ontario URL Indigenous education, booksellers
Teaching resource Gdoo Sastamoo Kii Mi Online Lesson Plans

Gdoo-Sastamookii Mi: Understanding Our Nation to Relationship – Resource Material from the Teachers Guide with the corresponding page number.

Union of Ontario Indians Ontario URL teaching resources, Indigenous education, lesson planning, online, resource material
Teaching resource First Nations, Metis & Inuit Education Association of Ontario

The Provincial Subject Association for teachers of First Nations, Métis & Inuit Studies and Native Languages

First Nations, Métis & Inuit Education Association of Ontario Ontario URL teacher education, learning resource, video, challenges, education, Indigenous education
Journal article “Role models can’t just be on posters”: Remembering Barriers to Indigenous Community Engagement

Current Canadian scholarly literature, education policy, and curricular documents encourage the participation of Indigenous community members as a key component of Indigenous Education reform. Guided by sharing circles conducted with Indigenous Elders, families, teachers, and support workers, we present community voices and experiences of Indigenous Education in an urban school board through poetic transcription. Our research suggests that four key barriers will have to be overcome in efforts to improve urban Indigenous Education: unwelcoming schools, professionalization of classroom teaching, colonized classrooms, and unilateral decolonization. Poetic transcription is used in this article to centre the voices of Indigenous participants as well as attempt to decolonize our approach to data dissemination of Indigenous voices as white, Euro-Canadian university-based researchers.

Madden, B., Higgins, M., & Korteweg, L. (2013) Ontario URL poetry, sharing circles, decolonization, Euro-centrism, curriculum, protocol
Resource website Union of Ontario Indians Educational Resources

Lesson plans and teacher’s guide (specific to Ontario curriculum expectations for Grades 1 to 8). Each lesson plan was developed to cover more than one subject at a time (Social Studies (History & Geography), Math, English and the Arts).

Union of Ontario Indians Ontario URL Online resources, Indigenous education
Program website Mother Earth Mentoring Program

Cross curricular program that has students out on the land learning naturalist skills and developing nature awareness, while integrating big ideas from the Ontario curriculum and First Nations’ knowledge and perspectives

Indspire Ontario URL Indigenous education, support, nature, land-based education, curriculum
Teaching resource Indian Residential Schools and Reconciliation Resources

The Indian Residential Schools and Reconciliation Teacher Resource Guides for grades 5, 10 and 11/12 to help students of all cultural backgrounds gain an understanding of the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people over Canada’s history.

First Nations Education Steering Committee & First Nations Schools Association Ontario URL learning resource, Indigenous education, teaching resource, residential school history, colonial history, colonialism
Teaching resource Full Circle: First Nations, Metis, Inuit Ways of Knowing – A Common Threads Resource

Cross-curricular lessons designed to be implemented in a range of courses, such as civics, history, social sciences, English, geography, business, careers, physical education and science. The resource has been produced as a PDF file on CD with an accompanying video on DVD. Project designed to address a current shortage of curricular materials that focus on First Nations, Métis and Inuit people, history and culture.

Ontario Secondary Student Teachers' Federation Ontario URL Early learning, childcare, Early Childhood Education, learning resource
Teachers' guide First Nation Métis & Inuit Framework (Ontario)

Framework, expectations, learning outcomes

Ontario Ministry of Education Ontario URL teaching resource, teachers' guide, Indigenous education, government, Ontario, education, curriculum
Organization website Bkejwanong Children’s Centre (BCC)

The centre provides high quality early learning programs for healthy child development, children ages 4 months to 10 years old, which are reflective of the Ojibwe language (Anishnaabemowin) and culture.

Bkejwanong Territory, Walpole Island First Nation Ontario URL early learning, culture-based education, language revitalization, Early Childhood Education
Program website Enyonkwa’nikonhriyo:hake Program (We Are All Building a Good Mind)

The mission of this program is to ensure a safe and encouraging environment that promotes wellness through practicing Mohawk cultural beliefs, values, and teachings. Functions and activities of the program include: Elder visits and support, Moon Ceremony, Fasting Camps (Spring and Fall), Sweat Lodge, ceremonies and teachings, youth programming, and community workshops/events.

Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte Ontario URL culture-based education
Organization website Truth and Reconciliation Commission “Calls to Action”

Calls to Action that relate to any field, including education

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada Ontario URL Learning resource, website, Indigenous education, reconciliation, truth, calls to action, Canada
Government website Ontario’s Treaty Maps

A map of the treaties that exist in Ontario

Ontario Provincial Government Ontario URL Learning resource, website, online learning, Indigenous education, facilitation, reference, map, Ontario, treaty
Organization website Ontario Native Education Counselling Association

Learning modules focusing on World War 1 and 2 and Civics curriculum, each imbued with First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) content, with a particular emphasis on FNMI veterans and their contributions.

Ontario URL Indigenous organization, curriculum, learning centre, native history, counselling, support centre
Organization website Mi’kmaq Family Resource Centre

conducts programs for Indigenous families like a community kitchen where parents gather once a month to learn recipes and prepare meals with their families.

Prince Edward Island URL Resource centre, Mi'kmaq, community, families, family, wellness, healing, safe space
Program website Wekatesk Aboriginal Head Start Program

Project is an initiative of the Aboriginal Women’s Association of PEI. This half-day, Monday-to-Thursday school readiness program will work with Charlottetown’s off-reserve Aboriginal children and their families.

Public Heath Agency of Canada Prince Edward Island URL Indigenous education, Early Childhood Education, family support, PEI, single motherhood, Indigenous children, cultural retention
Organization website Wilp Wilxo’oskwhl Nisga’a Institute

The Wilp Wilxo’oskwhl Nisga’a Society is a Nisga’a post-secondary educational institution whose mission is to assure that Nisga’a adults have equitable access to quality learning in the community where they live and work.

British Columbia URL Indigenous education, post-secondary education, Indigenous higher learning, Indigenous organizations
News article Universities, colleges asked to imagine a ‘reconciled education system’

Hundreds gathered at University of Manitoba to attend “Building Reconciliation Forum” on reconciling the current education system

Troian, M for University Affairs British Columbia URL Indigenous education, reconciliation, education system, college, Indigenous higher learning, decolonizing education, Indigenization
News article Skwxwú7mesh Úxwumixw (Squamish Nation) and Simon Fraser University sign Memorandum of Understanding

The MoU further strengthens the long-standing relationship between the university and the Squamish Nation to collaborate on cultural, academic and research activities.

Simon Fraser University News British Columbia URL Indigenous education, MOU, Memorandum of Understanding, agreement, Squamish Nation, relationship, university, higher learning, research, culture, connections
News article At Kwantlen, a New Degree Offering in ‘Indigenous Community Justice. The Tyee British Columbia URL Post-secondary, academic, degree, minor, education, Indigenous education
News article National recognition for West Kelowna school’s Indigenous student academy. Kelowna Capital British Columbia URL Indigenous education, drop out rate, West Kelowna
Radio clip No artifacts: B.C. heritage museum showcases ‘living history’ CBC Radio British Columbia URL Heritage museum, British Columbia, Living History, Radio, CBC, Indigenous heritage
News article We want to be a healthy community’: B.C. First Nation youth sing about life on the reserve

Blueberry River First Nations youth create video to amplify their experiences.

Danielle Carr for Global News British Columbia URL Youth, First Nations, Treaty 8, music, voice, music video, art as healing
News article Indigenous youth key to Canada’s economic growth British Columbia URL
Program website Under One Sky Aboriginal Head Start in Urban and Northern Communities (AHSUNC) – Off Reserve Program

The program for children aged 3 – 6 focuses and the children and their care givers. A land-based learning program

Public Health Agency of Canada New Brunswick URL Indigenous education, Head Start, development, First Nations programming, culture and language, education, health, nutrition, social development, parent involvement
Publisher Portage & Main Press

publishes a wide range of innovative and practical K–12 educational materials.

Manitoba URL Indigenous publishing, publishing in education
Website Manitoba First Nations Education Resource Centre Inc

Provides the province’s leading education, administration, technology, language and culture services to First Nations schools in Manitoba.

Manitoba URL First Nations, Indigenous education, Manitoba, community, professional development, educational change,
Resource kit Metis Educational Resource Kit

Métis Educational Resource Kit is a way to complement the curricular needs of students to learn about the Métis and have Métis students see themselves in teaching resources.

Louis Riel Institute Manitoba URL Resource kit, Métis culture and heritage, metis history, Michif language, Métis inclusion, classroom resources, Métis resource
CD Speaking Michif

instructional DVD developed by the Louis Riel Institute to assist in teaching families the Michif language.

Louis Riel Institute Manitoba URL Michif language, Indigenous education, Louis Riel, Métis heritage, language revitalization, language preservation, learning strategies
Resource package Speaking Michif Resources

Access to resources and information primarily focused on Métis heritage accompanying “Speaking Michif” CD

Louise Gordey & Norman Fleury Manitoba URL resource pamphlet, Michif language, research
Teachers Guide Creating Racism-Free School through Critical/ Courageous Conversations on Race

promoting school divisions, schools, teachers, parents and students to undertake critical and courageous conversations on racism to create inclusive and equitable classrooms and schools for First Nation, Métis, Inuit and all students.

Government of Manitoba Manitoba URL Indigenous education, racism, critical conversations, classroom dialogue, reconciliation
Resource kit It’s Our Time

Toolkit – lessons and resources (currently only available in the iTunes U app on iPhone or iPad)

Assembly of First Nations Ontario URL Indigenous education, resources, toolkit, teaching resource, learning resource
resource video Knowledge Keepers Discussion Guide

A Guide to Accompany and Support the Knowledge Keepers Visual Narrative Posted on YouTube

Exploring Aboriginal Education Ontario URL knowledge keepers, teacher education, learning resource, Indigenous education, traditional education, learning guide, teacher guide, video, YouTube
On-Line Course Reconciliation Through Indigenous Education

This course will help you envision how Indigenous histories, perspectives, worldviews, and approaches to learning can be made part of the work we do in classrooms, organizations, communities, and our everyday experiences in ways that are thoughtful and respectful

University of British Columbia/ EdX All Canada URL Indigenous education
Resource website Resource posters from perspective of FN artist

“Ontario College of Teachers’ ‘Standards of Practice for the Teaching Profession and Ethical Standards for the Teaching Profession”

Ontario URL Indigenous education, resources, resource directorate
Teaching resource Stolen Lives: The Indigenous Peoples of Canada and the Indian Residential Schools

Examine the Indian Residential Schools and their long-lasting effects on Indigenous Peoples of Canada.

Facing History and Ourselves Ontario URL Indigenous education, teaching resource
Teaching resource University of British Columbia project on facilitating discussions of Aboriginal issues in the classroom

Setting the stage for potentially contentious discussions can establish a better framework, and learning how to respond to difficulties is extremely important.

University of British Columbia British Columbia URL Indigenous education, dialogue, discussion, framework, learning, Indigenous education, UBC
Article Toward a Pedagogy of Land: The Urban Context

This article examines the possibilities when shifting what we have come to call a pedagogy of Land from rural to urban contexts. The authors explore some persisting questions around what it means to bring a pedagogy of Land into classrooms and communities in urban settings. The authors consider the ways a pedagogy of Land might translate from rural to urban contexts while addressing some of the ways this work may move forward in a good way. Further, the authors share various aspects that have allowed Land to inform both pedagogy and praxis in teacher education focusing on student success, particularly Aboriginal students within schools.

Styres, S., Haig-Brown, C., & Blimkie, M. (2013). Ontario URL Indigenous education, Indigenous scholarship, pedagogy, classroom
Program website Eksa ‘Okon:’a Childcare Centre

The centre concentrates on meeting parents and their children’s needs by providing a safe and positive culturally-appropriate education environment.

Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte Ontario URL culture-based education, early learning
Program website Tahatikonhsotontie Head Start

The vision of this program is to nurture generations of strong spirits by providing resources to Families and Community that will empower children the self-identity of Aboriginal Children.

Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte Ontario URL culture-based education, early learning, Early Childhood Education
Program website Niigaan-Naabiwag (Looking Ahead) Child Care Centre

The early years programming at this centre includes cultural programs for the children, such as drumming, dancing, and indigenous language instruction.

Chippewas of Georgina Island Ontario URL culture-based education, early years, language acquisition, Early Childhood Education
Program website Hiawatha First Nation Child Care Centre

The program is designed for children between 6 weeks and 9 years of age. The hands-on learning enriches the children’s daily activities that are intertwined with the Ojibwa teachings and culture.

Hiawatha First Nation Ontario URL culture-based education, early years, language acquisition, Early Childhood Education
Oral testimony videos The Survivors Speak

Stories of survivors organized by themes of experience during the era of residential schools.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada Ontario URL Residential school, Indigenous education, learning resource, teaching resource
Resource recommendation 10 books about residential schools to read with your kids

A list of children’s books recommended as conversation starters with children. Includes suggestions about how to discuss the topic with kids, and appropriate age ranges for each book.

Chantelle Bellrichard, CBC News Ontario URL Residential Schools, resource guide, children's books, history
Resource kit Aboriginal Curriculum Resource Collection

This page supports Ontario educators integrating Indigenous perspectives across the curriculum. Aboriginal Teacher Educators, please contact us at education.library@queensu.ca for delivery of materials by Canada Post. Use Queen’s email and include your name and student number. Materials go out for 4 weeks with renewals. The package will include a paid return label.

Queen's University Library Ontario URL resources, Indigenous education, library, literature, general education, learning, teaching resource
Teachers' guide First Nations Diary: Documenting Daily Life

A lesson plan which outlines activities for Grade 7 and 8 students to learn about how Indigenous people of Canada were impacted by colonization.

Jackie Underhill, Canada's History Ontario URL lesson plans, FNMI education, colonization, history, social justice
Resource website Four Directions Teachings

Engaging website where people could experience Indigenous knowledge and philosophy and where educators could incorporate the site into their curriculum. FourDirectionsTeachings.com honors oral traditions by creating an environment where visitors are encouraged to listen with intent as each elder/ traditional teacher shares a teaching from their perspective on the richness and value of cultural traditions from their nation.

National Indigenous Literacy Association Ontario URL Indigenous knowledge, online resources, digital knowledge, traditional teachings, philosophy, education, tradition
Cultural resource Inuit Cultural Online Resource

The Inuit Cultural Online Resource has been designed with the primary goal of teaching Canadian school age children about Inuit culture. We also hope that the content provided within this site can help all Canadians learn more about this rich vibrant and proud culture.

Ottawa Inuit Children's Centre Ontario URL Inuit culture, education, history
Online resource New Journeys

Online Friendship Centre resource with stories pertaining to Indigenous experiences in Canada. New Journeys is also a one-stop mobile and online resource featuring helpful resources, services, and information to help urban Indigenous youth, young families and others seeking to know more about their surroundings.

National Association of Friendship Centres Ontario URL Indigenous resources, educational resource, online knowledge, learning resource, teaching resource
Curriculum guide Ontario Aboriginal Education Strategy

Native language and native studies curriculum

Ontario Ministry of Education Ontario URL Indigenous curriculum, Indigenous education, language, Indigenous studies, Native studies
Indigenous education statistics People for Education

Indigenous Education stats – Ontario 2017

People for Education Ontario URL statistics, data, online data, research, Indigenous education
Resource centre TDSB Aboriginal Education Centre

The Aboriginal Education Centre (AEC) provides aboriginal resources to TDSB staff and students. It has over 800 books, sound recordings and videos.

Toronto District School Board Ontario URL Resource centre, Aboriginal learning, School division, Toronto, Teaching resources, Indigenous education
Program website Specialization Elementary School Support (SES) Program

This is a social support program which provides specialized services and resources to encourage and support at-risk students of Walpole Island First Nation.

Bkejwanong Kinomaagewgamig, Walpole First Nation Ontario URL Indigenous education, student retention, at-risk students, social, support, program
Program website Children’s Mental Health Program

The primary focus is to support and provide holistic care through culturally appropriate programs to educate and create awareness among First Nations’ children and youth to increase their well-being. Services may include: Building Resilience, Art Therapy and Sand Therapy, Natural World Connections, Circles, Holistic unburdening and healing methods, Grief Edu-therapy, and more.

Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte Ontario URL holistic, mental health, subjective well-being, health education, Indigenous health
Program website Alderville Black Oak Savanna Outdoor Education Program

Qualified naturalists can work with teachers to provide customized programs to meet any educational need (i.e. individual classes and groups) and interweaves Aboriginal culture and traditional teachings throughout.

Alderville First Nation Ontario URL culture-based education, outdoor education, Indigenous education
Academic article Shingwauk’s vision

Historian J.R. Miller’s book gives a comprehensive account of residential schools in Canada.

Miller, J.R. (1999). Ontario URL History paper, Indigenous education, residential school, history
Scholarly Book A national crime: The Canadian government and the residential school system, 1879 to 1986

Using previously unreleased government documents that uncover the true intentions of the residential school system in Canada, which was to aggressively assimilate Aboriginal children, and to strip them of their culture and traditions, and which show atrocious living conditions in Residential Schools.

Milloy, J. (1999). Ontario URL Residential schools
Resource kit Aboriginal Perspectives: A Guide To The Teacher’s Toolkit (Ontario)

Teaching Resources and Strategies for Elementary and Secondary Classrooms

Ontario URL Teaching resource, learning resource, Indigenous education, Aboriginal perspectives, strategy, primary education, secondary education.
Program website Aboriginal Worldviews and Education

Course to explore indigenous ways of knowing and how they can benefit all students. Topics include historical, social, and political issues in Aboriginal education; terminology; cultural, spiritual and philosophical themes in Aboriginal worldviews; and how Aboriginal worldviews can inform professional programs and practices, including but not limited to the field of education.

Coursera & University of Toronto Ontario URL Teaching, course, learning, teacher education, Indigenous learning, Indigenous higher-learning, post-secondary, university
Government document Anishinabek Nation Education Agreement

Historic Agreement in which participating First Nations will create the Anishinabek Education System. The Agreement recognizes Anishinabek law-making powers and authority over education on reserve from Junior Kindergarten to Grade 12 as well as administrative control over funding for post-secondary education.

Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada Ontario URL Indigenous education, Anishinabek, agreement, government, funding
Teaching resource Exploring Aboriginal Education

Video series discussing issues and challenges in FNMI education

The Learning Exchange Ontario URL teacher education, learning resource, video, challenges, education, Indigenous education
Organization website Creation Stories: Creating Strong Families Through Our Stories

a research network of urban Aboriginal communities, policy makers and academics, engaging in community driven research with the goal of contributing to a better quality of life for urban Aboriginal people.

Urban Aboriginal Knowledge Network Prince edward Island URL Indigenous education, online resource, resource, creation stories, general education, urban, research, Aboriginal Knowledge Network
Research Guide Indigenous Languages

Research Guide on Indigenous languages traditionally spoken by First Nations with traditional territories falling within the boundaries of Ontario. Resources on Aboriginal language history, policy and revitalization will be included.

University of Toronto Libraries Ontario URL Indigenous education, Indigenous languages, reference
Podcast guide Indigenous Podcast list

There are loads of podcasts created and hosted by Indigenous people that aim to tell stories from an Indigenous perspective. From true crime to current affairs, sci-fi analysis to music storytelling, this list covers a wide range of Indigenous podcasters putting out ground-breaking content for your ears.

National Association of Friendship Centres Ontario URL Indigenous education, podcast, directorate, guide, compilation, Ontario, Indigenous, listen, audio
Organization website Jumblies Theatre

Jumblies is a Toronto-based organization with a national and international reach that engages in collaborations between professional artists and diverse people and communities, and equips, mentors and supports others to do so.

Jumblies Theatre Ontario URL collaboration, networking, Indigenous articles, resource centre, Indigenous theatre
YouTube video Legacy of Treaties video

Brief history of colonization in Canada and why Indigenous people can’t and won’t just “get over it.”

Public Service Alliance of Canada Ontario URL teaching resource, Indigenous history, treaties, treaty history, educational video
Magazine website Muskrat Magazine

MUSKRAT is an online Indigenous arts and culture magazine that honours the connection between humans and our traditional ecological knowledge by exhibiting original works and critical commentary.

Ontario URL News, literature, resource, magazine, publication, editorial, website
Organization website National Association of Friendship Centres

The NAFC was established in 1972 to represent, nationally, the growing number of Friendship Centres emerging across Canada

National Association of Friendship Centres Ontario URL Indigenous organization, Friendship Centre, resource centre, safe space, educational space, community, community education
Organization website Native Canadian Centre

Native Canadian Centre of Toronto is an Indigenous community cultural centre. The Centre welcomes the local community, including guests from across Canada and offers a variety of programs and services.

Native Canadian Centre of Toronto Ontario URL Indigenous organization, Indigenous education, community space, public learning, safe space
Program website Uqausivut Culture and Language Program

The program welcomes participants of all ages; there is a Family Class for children ages 5-12 and an Adult Beginner Class for ages 13 and up. The program encourages and supports participants to learn and feel more confident in their use of Inuktitut.

Ottawa Inuit Children's Centre (OICC) Ontario URL Inuktitut, language, learning support, culture and language
Teaching resource Anishnaabeg Bimaadiziwin: An Ojibwe Peoples Resource

A resource developed at Georgian College that provides original documents, teachings, lessons and links to other online resources regarding language and culture of the Ojibwe people.

Georgian College Aboriginal Resource Centre Ontario URL
Organization resource The Guild of Indigenous Arts

The purpose is to promote fellowship among artists, encourage enjoyment, understanding and appreciation of the arts.

Chippewas of the Thames First Nation (Local artists) Ontario URL learning resource, Indigenous art, teaching resource, Art education
Organization resource Oneida Language and Cultural Centre

The goal of the centre is to produce speakers who are equipped to use Oneida throughout their lives and surroundings.

Oneida Nation of the Thames Ontario URL culture-based education, language revitalization, Indigenous languages
Community website Chippewas of Kettle and Stony Point Language, Arts, Culture, and History Online

This important online resource shows the community’s rich culture, language, history, and art (both contemporary and traditional). This website includes access to interviews with community members, video footage of special and historic events,, and audio language tutorials for all abilities and ages.

Chippewas of Kettle and Stony Point First Nation Ontario URL culture-based education, language revitalization
Program website Ekowaamjigaadeg Inwewin ~ Language Nest Program

The community-based program is designed to improve the quality and access to cultural and holistic mental health activities through the Ojibwe language.

Chippewas of Nawash Unceded First Nation Ontario URL community-based, mental health, Indigenous languages
Organization website Ottawa Inuit Children’s Centre (OICC)

The Ottawa Inuit Children’s Centre (OICC) is an active hub that serves Inuit children, youth, and their families in Ottawa. A focus of the centre is to provide a learning environment to enhance children’s overall wellbeing, strength, and adaptability in a proud Inuit cultural environment.

Ontario URL Community-based, Early Childhood Education, K-12, Inuit-focused
Resource kit Metis Education Kit

Excellent resource for students, teachers, educators and community members to use inside and out of the classroom.

Metis Nation of Ontario Ontario URL
Journal article Learning Through Language: Academic Success in an Indigenous Language Immersion Kindergarten

What are the academic results of Anishinaabemowin (Ojibwe language) immersion education at the Mnidoo Mnising Anishinaabek Kinoomaage Gamig (MMAK) early learning kindergarten program? We describe the development of the MMAK within the context of larger language and education policies in the community and Canada. We also examine the academic development of junior and senior kindergarten students in the program. Using the Early Years Evaluation Teacher Assessment (EYE-TA), we assess participants’ holistic development, including their cognitive development and English language acquisition. Although students show some delay in the first months of immersion education, by the end of the second year the average student shows age-appropriate cognitive and linguistic development. This promising outcome indicates that Indigenous language immersion does not negatively impact educational achievement or mainstream language acquisition; on the contrary, it likely provides benefits to students in these and other areas.

Morcom, L. A., & Roy, S. (2017). Ontario URL language revitalization, assessment, immersion, bilingual education
Organization website Ontario Aboriginal Head Start Association (OAHSA)

The Ontario Aboriginal Head Start Association (OAHSA) promotes early childhood development strategies which are indigenous-driven and focused and provides opportunities through available local programming for Aboriginal preschool children to develop a positive sense of themselves and a lifelong desire for learning.

OAHSA Ontario URL Aboriginal, early childhood development
Program Sivummut Head Start Program

This program is for Inuit children ages 18 months – 6 years old and is celebrated both locally and nationally. It includes activities centred on culture and language, school readiness, social support, elder involvement, monthly field trips, and annual events.

Ottawa Inuit Children's Centre Ontario URL
Resource Centre When Children Speak More Than One Language

This research-based guide provides information related to parenting bilingual children. The guide is available in English, Cree, and Ojibway.

Best Start (Resource Centre) Ontario URL culture-based education
Childcare centre Binoojiinyag Kino Maagewgamgoons Childcare Centre

A highlight of the centre are the workshops offered by the Culture and Language teacher where, together, parents and their children can experience culture and language in the classroom. Activities include the tiny tot dance program, regalia making workshop for parents, teachings on smudging, a water walk activity, and moccasin making.

Aamjiwnaang First Nation Ontario URL culture-based education, Early Childhood Education, Indigenous education, youth, children, care, facility, early learning
Program website Enji Maajtaawaad Early Years Program

This program uses play-based methods to encourage child development socially, emotionally, spiritually, cognitively, physically, and creatively. Some of the early years services include a Family and Community Outreach Site, Eat Play & Learn Group, resource support services/referrals, and a Naming Ceremony and Annual Fall Feast event.

Chippewas of the Thames First Nation Ontario URL early years, Early Childhood Education, Indigenous education, early learning, childcare, primary learning, primary education
Organization website Delaware Nation Early Learning Centre

The foundation of the program is set on culturally based philosophies that enrich the play-based structured curriculum. The centre welcomes children between 6 months of age and 5 years old.

Delaware Nation Ontario URL culture-based education, early learning, Indigenous education, Early Childhood Education, pre-school
Program website Day School

The Day School offers a full day Junior and Senior Kindergarten program based on the Ontario curriculum, with a focus on using play-based methods of learning and providing Lunaapeew language instruction.

Delaware Nation Ontario URL culture-based education, language revitalization, language acquisition, Indigenous languages
Program website Head Start Day Care

The Head Start Day Care provides holistic programming aimed to preserve the Anishinabek way of life (culture and language). In the programming, a High Scope Education Approach to early childhood education is used where active learning is focused on and adults and children share control. The adults’ role is to support and guide the children through active learning adventures and experiences.

Chippewas of Kettle and Stony Point First Nation Ontario URL culture-based education, active learning, early childhood education
News article Kootenay powwow organizers won’t let vandalism stop festivities

Journalism article on how a young girl’s self-made, hand-stitched powwow regalia was torn apart by vandals.

CBC British Columbia URL Indigenous youth, First Nation, Kootenay, powwow, resilience
News article Aboriginal education agreement renewed

Aboriginal education agreement between the Sea to Sky School District and the Squamish Nation has been extended for another five years.

Steven Chua for Squamish News British Columbia URL Indigenous education, agreement, school division, Squamish Nation, renewal, retention
News article Cultural connection: Reconnecting with their culture helps local first nations students succeed Steven Chua for Squamish News British Columbia URL
News article Meet Canada’s 1st female Indigenous surgeon

News article about Canada’s first Indigenous female surgeon, Dr. Nadine Caron who practices in Northern British Columbia.

CTV British Columbia URL Indigenous medicine, Indigenous surgeon, Doctor, medicine, Nadine Caron
News article UVic launches new plan to further education for Indigenous students. CTV British Columbia URL Indigenous education, postsecondary, Victoria, university, plan,
News article Kitsumkalum students to be heard across Canada. Terrace Standard. Terrance Standard British Columbia URL Indigenous education, news, British Columbia, Indigenous
Journal article Research brief: Pre-service teacher education availability in rural Canadian communities.

provides a summary of current Canadian options for rural pre-service teacher development also known as community-based teacher education.

University of Calgary British Columbia URL Academic research, rural education, teacher education
News article Clinic coming to school grounds of B.C. Interior high school. CBC British Columbia URL Indigenous education, medicine and schools, clinic, medical clinic, school program, schools, Indigenous schools, medicine, doctor, nurse
News article First Nations fight to halt resource development in northeast B.C. Globe and Mail British Columbia URL Indigenous resistance, resource development, colonialism, northeast BC, dispute
News article How Prince Rupert schools teach Indigenous language to hundreds of students. Terrance Standard British Columbia URL Indigenous education, Indigenous languages, Prince Rupert, Schools, language revitalization, students
News article First Grade 12 class to graduate from northern B.C. First Nations community. CBC Indigenous British Columbia URL Grade twelve, Gr 12, graduate, retention, northern BC, Indigenous education, GED
News article Innovative Learning Partnership for Indigenous Youth Launched at Vancouver Island University and Yukon College Newswire British Columbia URL Indigenous education, Indigenous youth, Vancouver Island University, Yukon College, college, postsecondary, BC, partnership, Innovation
Program website Aboriginal Services

Northern Lights College has Aboriginal Gathering Spaces available on each of the Chetwynd, Dawson Creek, Fort Nelson and Fort St. John campuses.

Northern Lights College British Columbia URL Indigenous education, post-secondary, BC, Northern BC, Yukon, Aboriginal services and support
News article Aboriginal high school graduation rate at record high in B.C. CBC British Columbia URL Indigenous education, Secondary education, high school, graduation rate, retention, Indigenous Students, BC, Northern BC
Journal article In quest of indigeneity, quality, and credibility in Aboriginal post-secondary education in Canada: Problematic, contexts, and potential ways forward Paquette, J., & Fallon, G. - Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy British Columbia URL Indigenous education, academic article, journal, scholarly, Indigenous education, post-secondary, credibility, quality, indigeneity
News article Victoria shoebox campaign collects gifts for children in remote and northern communities. CBC British Columbia URL
News article More Than a Checklist: Meaningful Indigenous Inclusion in Higher Education

visioning of the next steps to collectively move towards becoming a socially inclusive society.

Michelle Pidgeon, Simon Fraser University British Columbia URL Aboriginal peoples, Canada, indigenous higher education, indigenization, post-secondary education, recruitment, retention
News article Relationships matter: Supporting aboriginal graduate students in British Columbia, Canada.

concludes with a discussion on the implications of a culturally relevant peer-support program for mentoring, recruiting, and retaining Aboriginal graduate students. It also puts forth a challenge to institutions to better support Aboriginal graduate student recruitment and retention through their policies, programs, and ser- vices within the institution.

Pidgeon, M., Archibald, J. A., & Hawkey, C. - Canadian Journal of Higher Education British Columbia URL Indigenous higher learning, graduate retention, SAGE, Indigenous academics, graduate, studies, Indigenous recruitment, Indigenous education, education
research article School mobility and educational outcomes of off-reserve First Nations students

Based on data from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey, the aim of this paper is to understand how changing schools for reasons other than regular progression is related to the academic outcomes of off-reserve First Nations students.

Annie Turner and Amanda Thompson for Statistics Canada British Columbia URL Indigenous education, statistics, data, research, Statistics Canada, retention
Program website Abegweit First Nation Early Childhood Centre & Head Start

Strives to offer premium childcare services to all community members within a safe and healthy environment, while encompassing our culture, values and beliefs in the education of our children.

abegweit Mi'kmaw Nation Prince Edward Island URL Indigenous education, Early Childhood Education
Organization website Mi’kmaq Family Resource Centre – HEADSTART

Website that contains useful resources for the day care and its vision.

Prince Edward Island URL Indigenous education, Early Childhood Education, daycare, Indigenous support, Mi'kmaq, Mi'kmaw
Organization website Lennox Island First Nation Education

an overview of the community’s initiatives and history in education.

Lennox Island First Nation Prince Edward Island URL Indigenous education, community, history, Mi'kmaq, Mi'kmaw
Program website Bachelor of Education (Study Focus): Indigenous Education

This program is designed to deepen awareness of the complexities involved with culturally sensitive education for Indigenous students.

University of Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island URL Indigenous education, Indigenous higher learning, Mi'kmaq, Maritimes, Bachelor of Education, post-secondary, program, east coast, cultural sensitivity
Program website Three Sisters Teaching and Knowledge Garden

John Doran, Indigenous scholar at UPEI, has obtained pre-contact seeds and has grown Mi’kmaq Flint Corn on the Sweet Clover Farm in Valleyfield.

University of Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island URL Indigenous education, Indigenous higher learning, post-secondary education, Three Sisters, Indigenous project, garden, traditional plants
Program website Pre-GED Program

Offers a full range of instructional services that will prepare students looking to develop the basic literacy skills necessary to participate in the education of their children, find and keep family sustaining employment, or advance to GED training.

Native Council of PEI Prince Edward Island URL Indigenous education, preparation, student support, PEI, Native, Indigenous organization
Program website SUCCESS Program

Has a goal of having 70% of the projected forty-two participants employed by the end of the program in March 2020, so as to enable the Aboriginal youth of PEI to flourish in their career exploration goals.

Native Council of PEI Prince Edward Island URL Indigenous education, preparation, student support, PEI, Native, Indigenous organization
Program website S.A.F.E. Program

(Strengthening Aboriginal Families Effectively) program was introduced to aid the Aboriginal Families living off-reserve to help strengthen the relationship between parents and children involved in Child and Family.

Native Council of PEI Prince Edward Island URL Indigenous education, protection, safety
Centre website Neeginan Learning & Literacy Centre

A holistic learning environment designed to provide relevant programming to adult learners in the Winnipeg Aboriginal community.

Manitoba URL holistic learning, Indigenous learning, learning support, adult learners, Winnipeg, Indigenous education.
Article A quiet success story

An article about the Neeginan Learning and Literacy Centre

Winnipeg Free Press Manitoba URL Neeginan centre, adult learning, Indigenous news
Publisher HighWater Press

publishes books that portray a wide-ranging expression of Indigenous cultures and experience.

Manitoba URL Indigenous publishing, publishing in education
Program website Aboriginal Head Start On reserve Program (AHSOR

Program nurtures the healthy growth and development of First Nation children. With programming designed and delivered by communities, the Aboriginal Head Start Program supports the physical, developmental, emotional, social, cultural, and spiritual well-being of children from birth to age six

Government of Canada New Brunswick URL Indigenous education, Head Start, development, First Nations programming, culture and language, education, health, nutrition, social development, parent involvement
website Three Nations Education Group Inc.

A Mi’kmaq – Maliseet led organization dedicated to improving education outcomes of First Nations Students through advocacy, professional and educational supports, and building meaningful partnerships.

New Brunswick URL
Memorandum of Agreement Memorandum of understanding respecting First Nations education

The provincial government has signed a memorandum of understanding with seven First Nation communities respecting First Nations education and the calls to action as set out by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada.

Province of New Brunswick New Brunswick URL memorandum, agreement, document, article, Indigenous education, government-Indigenous relations
Document TNEG Inc. Strategic Plan

mission and vision statements to describe who TNEGI is and where it wants to go.

Three Nations Education Group Inc. New Brunswick URL Indigenous advocacy, Indigenous education, strategic, planning, goal development, Indigenous organizations, collaboration, school preparation
Organization First Nation Education Initiative Incorporated (FNEII)

To strengthen the overall quality, accessibility and relevance of education program in member communities and improve student achievement for First Nation students in New Brunswick.

New Brunswick URL Indigenous education, accessibility, advocacy, centre, research
Program website First Nation Student Success Program

Supports First Nations educators on reserve (kindergarten to grade 12) in their ongoing efforts to meet students’ needs and improve student and school results. Funding is limited to activities intended for students attending First Nation-operated schools

Government of Canada New Brunswick URL Indigenous education, student achievement, literacy, numeracy, support service, school success, academic access
Program website New Paths for Education

funds projects and activities designed to improve the quality of education in First Nations schools and to enhance the educational experiences of students, teachers, administrators, parents and communities.

Government of Canada New Brunswick URL Indigenous education, funding, educational service, government, quality of education
Program website High-cost special education program

High-Cost Special Education Program helps eligible First Nations students with high-cost special needs to access quality programs and services that are culturally sensitive and reflective of generally accepted provincial or territorial standards.

Government of Canada New Brunswick URL Indigenous education, funding agency, educational support, Special education
Policy handbook School Policy Handbook for First Nation Community Operated Schools

A resource for its affiliated communities and the schools they operate.

First Nations Education Initiative Inc. New Brunswick URL Indigenous education, School policy, resource guide, teacher guide
News article Orange Shirt Day movement growing, but shirts themselves can be hard to find

An article on Orange Shirt Day initiatives in B.C.

Liam Britten for the CBC British Columbia URL
Journal article First Nations Educational Governance: A Fractured Mirror

Provides a legislative and policy analysis of First Nations educational governance within Canada.

Carr-Stewart, Shiela; Steeves, Larry British Columbia URL Indigenous education, policy, federal government, constitution act, educational objectives
Teachers Guide Bridging Two Worlds: Aboriginal Education and Employment Action Plan 2008-2011

A new action plan building upon the Aboriginal Education Action Plan 2004-2007

Government of Manitoba Manitoba URL Indigenous, education, Action plan, adult learning, post-secondary, community, Manitoba
Teachers Guide Kindergarten to Grade 12 Aboriginal Languages and Cultures Framework of Outcomes

Curriculum guide created to establish a foundation for Indigenous language revitalization initiatives within Manitoba’s classrooms

Government of Manitoba Mantioba URL Indigenous communities, language revitalization, Manitoba education, collaborative education
Teachers Guide From Apology to Reconciliation

Created to help Manitoba students in Grades 9 and 11 understand the history of the residential school experience, its influence on contemporary Canada, and our responsibilities as Canadian citizens.

Government of Manitoba Manitoba URL Social studies, residential school, survivors, apology, reconciliation, Indigenous education, Canadian citizens
Directorate Indigenous Inclusion Directorate

provides leadership and coordination for the departmental initiatives in Indigenous education and training.

Government of Manitoba Manitoba URL Indigenous education, inclusion, directory, classroom resources
Website Academica Group: Support and inspiration for higher learning

Creating and sharing knowledge with higher ed partners so they can build thriving institutions and a better community for all.

Academica Group All Canada URL Higher learning, support, resource, informational, Indigenous education, academia, post-secondary
Website (resource centre) Centre for the Advancement of Teaching and Learning

Faculty development unit that works in collaboration with faculty and graduate students to provide leadership, expertise, and support in fulfilling the teaching and learning mission of the University of Manitoba.

University of Manitoba faculty Manitoba URL Indigenous education, collaboration, research, scholarship, post-secondary, higher learning, support, resource centre.
Journal First Nations Perspectives: The Journal of the Manitoba First Nations Education Resource Centre Inc.

Journal on Indigenous education in Manitoba

Frank Deer, Manitoba First Nations Education resource Centre Inc. Manitoba URL Indigenous education, Manitoba, First Nations, Perspectives, Journal, First Nations, Education resource, centre, scholarly
Website Indigenous Languages of Manitoba Inc.

Promoting the retention of Manitoba’s Aboriginal languages.

Indigenous Languages of Manitoba Inc. Manitoba URL Indigenous languages, Indigenous education, revitalization, preservation, Elders, community, research, retention
Journal Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development

The only journal of its kind in Canada, it provides a view of economic development from a uniquely Aboriginal perspective.

Manitoba URL Indigenous economics, economic development, Indigenous perspective, research
CD Speaking Michif

instructional DVD developed by the Louis Riel Institute to assist in teaching families the Michif language.

Louis Riel Institute Manitoba URL
Program Manitoba Indigenous Cultural Education Centre Inc.

Promotes knowledge and awareness of Indigenous cultures through different mediums, including presentations, activities, videos, and discussions.

Manitoba Indigenous Cultural Education Centre Inc. Manitoba URL Indigenous education, community programming, connecting, presentations, Indigenous languages, Indigenous history, cultural teachings, treaty education, medicine teachings
Article Manitoba Museum Reaches Out to Northern Communities

An article explaining how the Manitoba Museum gifted education resources to Indigenous communities in Manitoba’s north.

Manitoba Museum Manitoba URL Museum, Indigenous education, resource kits, award, teaching aid, artifacts