(Michif ) Let's build a fire

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Indigenous Language
Indigenous Language, Indigenous Ways of Knowing & Being, Science

7, 10, Beginner Language, 12, 9, 8, 11

Acknowledgement Protocol

Please read this Acknowledgement before the start of this lesson to respect the knowledge that is being shared and the Land of the People where the knowledge originates:

Note: As long as the 'Acknowledgement Protocol' is followed to honour the Land and the People where a lesson plan originates, lesson plans appearing on NCCIE.CA may be adapted to different places and different ages of learners. What is the Land Acknowledgement where you live?   Read More


Name Role/Job Title Place
Verna Demontigny
Elvis Demontigny
Vivian Smith
Connie Henry
Terri Dixon
Heather Souter
Laura Forsythe

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this lesson plan, students will be able to:

1. Use language related to building a fire in shared writing;

2. Collaboratively build a (real or simulated) fire and assess the group’s performance and comprehension;

3. Understand language regarding fire building.

Learning Plan

Title Type
Michif Integrated Lesson/Unit Plan File
Details of Lesson Plan - Building a Campfire File
Daily Instructional Framework Lesson Planning Document File
Language for Greetings and Leave-Taking Poster - script File
Language for Greetings and Leave-Taking - audio File
Simple Opening Prayer for Class - script File
Simple Opening Prayer - audio File
STEP 3-VIDEO-Building a Campfire Link
STEP 3-Making a Campfire-Key Vocabulary in the Video File
STEP 3-Building a Campfire-Introduction-1st AUDIO RECORDING File
STEP 3-Building a Campfire-Inputs 1-3 - 2nd AUDIO RECORDING File
STEP 3-Building a Campfire-Input 4 - 3rd AUDIO RECORDING File
STEP 3-Building a Campfire-Comprehension Check - 4th AUDIO RECORDING File
Teacher Language for the Classroom - script File
Teacher Language for the Classroom - audio File
Huge Question Mark File
Learner Language Survival Phrases - script File
Learner Language Survival Phrases - audio File
STEP 7-Total Physical Response Verbs List - script File
STEP 7-Total Physical Response-Model Video Link
STEP 8-'Student Application' Worksheet-Building a Campfire File
Simple Closing Prayer for Class - script File
Simple Closing Prayer for Class - audio File
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Step 11
10 minutes
10 minutes
10 minutes


Teachers' Guide

Is this a land-based course, held in the classroom, taken into the community, or a combination?: Is there an opportunity to invite other language speakers, including Elders, to teach part of the lesson?:

Teacher Language for Reinforcing the Lesson

Here are some tips and reinforcing phrases to use in class, supporting students in learning the language:
  • Create an environment where it is safe to make mistakes
  • Create a routine built on repetition
  • Involve a fluent/proficient speaker in the classroom; they are 'living libraries'
  • Relate the language to land and philosophy; this is where identity flourishes
  • Flood the learner with vocabulary, images, and written language
  • What words/phrases of encouragement can you repeat regularly to positively engage students and reinforce learning? For example, how do you say "Well done" or "Excellent" in your language?

Below are some words in the language that are part of this lesson plan:

Building on the Lesson: Language Structure and Vocabulary

Related resources on NCCIE.ca

Title Type
Aakoota-kaawaapaamittin: The Michif Language Link
Little Métis Sing With Me Link
Master-Apprentice Indigenous language revitalization in Michif and Other Indigenous Languages Link
Manitoba Metis Federation Minister of Michif Link

Holism and All Our Relations

This lesson plan has been developed with an Indigenous lens that is holistic in nature, a way of being and knowing that acknowledges our relationships with 'all our relations', including plants and animals, other human beings, the water, land, wind, sun, moon, stars, and more - everything seen and unseen. With 'all our relations' in mind, this lesson plan has been developed with a focus on:

On-the-land/outdoor learning experiences
Language and Culture
Different learning styles; attention given to mind, body, and spirit
Participatory and experiential learning activities

Lesson Plan Length

Estimated Length (hh:mm): 1:00
(includes time for instruction, in-class practice, and assessment, if applicable)

Other Details

Unit Plan Title:
Stream: General, Academic
Meets curriculum expectations or outcomes for: Manitoba


Please contact Heather Souter  for more information.