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British Columbia
Social Studies


Acknowledgement Protocol

Please read this Acknowledgement before the start of this lesson to respect the knowledge that is being shared and the Land of the People where the knowledge originates:

Note: As long as the 'Acknowledgement Protocol' is followed to honour the Land and the People where a lesson plan originates, lesson plans appearing on NCCIE.CA may be adapted to different places and different ages of learners. What is the Land Acknowledgement where you live?   Read More


Name Role/Job Title Place
Jason Bruce
Karla Kay

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this lesson plan, students will be able to:

1. Explain and classify the non-metamorphic life cycle of a salmon.

2. Describe a salmon’s journey from the Fraser River, to the ocean and back again.

3. Identify types of salmon in English and Halq’émeylem.

Teachers' Guide


  • Spiritual (e.g., Relational) Learners
  • Physical (e.g., Tactile, Experiential, Visual) Learners
  • Intellectual (e.g., Rational, Logical) Learners
  • Emotional (e.g., Feeling, Intuitive) Learners
Title Type
Book: From the Mountains to the Sea: We Are a Community Supplies and Equipment
Supplies: Post-it notes and pencils Supplies and Equipment
Stó:lō Seasonal Chart File
Salmon Life Cycle File
Types of Salmon - poster1 File
Types of Salmon - poster2 File
Salmon Life Cycles - Halq’eméylem Vocabulary File
Blank Worksheet-Salmon Life Cycle File


This section contains information for assessing progress in students' learning. While Indigenous approaches to assessment may be highlighted, conventional assessment methods may also be discussed:

Where can I find additional information?

Title Type
First Voices Website Link
Pacific Salmon Foundation Link

Holism and All Our Relations

This lesson plan has been developed with an Indigenous lens that is holistic in nature, a way of being and knowing that acknowledges our relationships with 'all our relations', including plants and animals, other human beings, the water, land, wind, sun, moon, stars, and more - everything seen and unseen. With 'all our relations' in mind, this lesson plan has been developed with a focus on:

Relationship with the land
On-the-land/outdoor learning experiences
Language and Culture
Intergenerational learning with Elders/Knowledge Holders
Ethics in the classroom: care, truthfulness and trust, respect, integrity
Relationship with family, ancestors
Different learning styles; attention given to mind, body, and spirit
Healthy relationships in school and community
Connections with everyday life
Participatory and experiential learning activities
Healthy relationship with self and identity
Personal reflection time (connecting with thoughts and feelings)

Lesson Plan Length

Estimated Length (hh:mm): 0:45
(includes time for instruction, activities, self-reflection, and assessment, if applicable)

Other Details

Meets curriculum expectations or outcomes for: British Columbia

Lesson Plan Topics


Please contact Jason Bruce  for more information.