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Residential Schools and Reconciliation, Indigenous Ways of Knowing & Being, Civics

Families / Parents, Professional Development/Continuing Education, Youth (up to age 30)

Acknowledgement Protocol

Please read this Acknowledgement before the start of this lesson to respect the knowledge that is being shared and the Land of the People where the knowledge originates:

Note: As long as the 'Acknowledgement Protocol' is followed to honour the Land and the People where a lesson plan originates, lesson plans appearing on NCCIE.CA may be adapted to different places and different ages of learners. What is the Land Acknowledgement where you live?   Read More


Name Role/Job Title Place
Nicki Ferland
Connie Wyatt Anderson
Hani Ataan Al-Ubeady
Richard Stecenko

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this lesson plan, students will be able to:

  • Identify benefits and beneficiaries of Treaties
  • Relate to First Nation experiences with Treaties and Treaty-making
  • Describe Treaties and the treaty-making process
  • Understand Indigenous Peoples' enduring relationship with land
  • Identify how colonization has impacted Indigenous Peoples’ relationships with land
  • Understand land protection movements
  • Develop a framework for critical reflection and informed action

Teachers' Guide


Title Type
Website: A Theory of Adult Learning - Andragogy Link
Supplies: Whiteboard or Flip Chart paper, markers, dry-erase markers, talking stick or stone, blank index cards (one per participant), scrap paper, adhesive putty or tape, play-doh (1 tub per participant) Supplies and Equipment
Facilitator's Guide: Agenda and Learning Outcomes Supplies and Equipment
Tobacco and gifts for Elder, guest speakers Supplies and Equipment
Title Type
Handout: Treaty Venn Diagram File
Treaty Map Link
Internet Resource: Treaty Land Acknowledgements Link
Facilitator's Guide - maps and backgrounders for this Activity Supplies and Equipment
Title Type
Fact Sheet: Talking Circle File
Title Type
Map of Manitoba Link
Handout: plastic reproduction of a Treaty Medal (4-6 copies) Link
Handouts and Backgrounders from the Facilitator's Guide Supplies and Equipment
Additional Information about Treaties Link
Title Type
Facilitator's Guide: Backgrounders for this Activity Supplies and Equipment
YouTube video: Share the Land YouTube
Title Type
More about the Blanket Exercise - Facilitator Training or Booking a Facilitator Link
Blanket Exercise scripts, props and blankets Supplies and Equipment
Talking stick or stone Supplies and Equipment
Title Type
Supplies: Play-Doh (one tub per participant), scrap paper and markers Supplies and Equipment
Facilitator Guide Resources Supplies and Equipment
Title Type
Facilitator Guide Resource: Thomas King quote Supplies and Equipment
Supplies: scrap paper, small blank note cards/index cards Supplies and Equipment
Title Type
Talking Stick or Stone Supplies and Equipment
Facilitator's Guide Handout: Workshop Evaluation Form Supplies and Equipment


This section contains information for assessing progress in students' learning. While Indigenous approaches to assessment may be highlighted, conventional assessment methods may also be discussed:

Where can I find additional information?

Title Type
Facilitator's Guide: Land and Treaties File
Report: Fostering Safe Spaces for Dialogue and Relationship-Building Between Newcomers and Indigenous Peoples File
Website: Treaty Relations Commission of Manitoba Link
Video: Interview with Nicki Ferland Link
Video: Interview with Connie Wyatt-Anderson Link

Holism and All Our Relations

This lesson plan has been developed with an Indigenous lens that is holistic in nature, a way of being and knowing that acknowledges our relationships with 'all our relations', including plants and animals, other human beings, the water, land, wind, sun, moon, stars, and more - everything seen and unseen. With 'all our relations' in mind, this lesson plan has been developed with a focus on:

Relationship with the land
On-the-land/outdoor learning experiences
Language and Culture
Intergenerational learning with Elders/Knowledge Holders
Ethics in the classroom: care, truthfulness and trust, respect, integrity
Different learning styles; attention given to mind, body, and spirit
Participatory and experiential learning activities
Healthy relationship with self and identity
Personal reflection time (connecting with thoughts and feelings)

Lesson Plan Length

Estimated Length (hh:mm): 6:00
(includes time for instruction, activities, self-reflection, and assessment, if applicable)

Other Details

Meets curriculum expectations or outcomes for: Manitoba

Lesson Plan Topics


Please contact Nicki Ferland  for more information.