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History, Indigenous Ways of Knowing & Being, Social Studies, Science

7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12

Acknowledgement Protocol

Please read this Acknowledgement before the start of this lesson to respect the knowledge that is being shared and the Land of the People where the knowledge originates:

Note: As long as the 'Acknowledgement Protocol' is followed to honour the Land and the People where a lesson plan originates, lesson plans appearing on NCCIE.CA may be adapted to different places and different ages of learners. What is the Land Acknowledgement where you live?   Read More


Name Role/Job Title Place
Cora Woolsey
Patsy McKinney

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this lesson plan, students will be able to:

1. explain how cultures of the Americas have changed through time;

2. discuss some of the most important archaeological sites in North America;

3. explain how modern ways of life have come about from events in the past.

Teachers' Guide

Lesson Plan

Title Type
How to Use this Lesson Plan File
Background Reading Material for the Teacher File
Discussions and Activities - Instructions File
List of Terms for Discussions File


This section contains information for assessing progress in students' learning. While Indigenous approaches to assessment may be highlighted, conventional assessment methods may also be discussed:

Related resources on NCCIE.ca

Title Type
VIDEO - Learning from the Ancestors: Archaeology and Indigenous History in the Maritime Provinces of Canada Link

Where can I find additional information?

Title Type
Glimpses of Atlantic Canada’s Past Link
'Archaeological Methods' Link
'The First People'  Link
'The Early and Middle Archaic Period' Link
'The Late Archaic Period' Link
'The Late Archaic Period (continued)' Link
'Transition to the Woodland Period' Link
'Early Woodland' Link
'Middle and Late Woodland' Link
'Middle and Late Woodland in the Quoddy Region' Link
'Middle and Late Woodland in Eastern NB and PEI' Link
'Middle and Late Woodland in NS' Link
'Contact Period' Link
British Archaeological Jobs and Resources Link
The Society of American Archaeology K-12 Activity Resource Page Link

Holism and All Our Relations

This lesson plan has been developed with an Indigenous lens that is holistic in nature, a way of being and knowing that acknowledges our relationships with 'all our relations', including plants and animals, other human beings, the water, land, wind, sun, moon, stars, and more - everything seen and unseen. With 'all our relations' in mind, this lesson plan has been developed with a focus on:

Relationship with the land
On-the-land/outdoor learning experiences
Language and Culture
Intergenerational learning with Elders/Knowledge Holders
Ethics in the classroom: care, truthfulness and trust, respect, integrity
Relationship with family, ancestors
Different learning styles; attention given to mind, body, and spirit
Healthy relationships in school and community
Connections with everyday life
Participatory and experiential learning activities
Healthy relationship with self and identity
Personal reflection time (connecting with thoughts and feelings)

Lesson Plan Length

Estimated Length (hh:mm): 7:30
(includes time for instruction, activities, self-reflection, and assessment, if applicable)

Other Details

Unit Plan Title:
Stream: General
Meets curriculum expectations or outcomes for: New Brunswick
Prince Edward Island
Nova Scotia

Lesson Plan Topics


Please contact Verlé Harrop  for more information.