Download Lesson Plan and Resources (ZIP) Share your feedback

History, Science, Social Studies, Indigenous Ways of Knowing & Being

7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12

Acknowledgement Protocol

Please read this Acknowledgement before the start of this lesson to respect the knowledge that is being shared and the Land of the People where the knowledge originates:

Note: As long as the 'Acknowledgement Protocol' is followed to honour the Land and the People where a lesson plan originates, lesson plans appearing on NCCIE.CA may be adapted to different places and different ages of learners. What is the Land Acknowledgement where you live?   Read More


Name Role/Job Title Place
Cora Woolsey
Patsy McKinney

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this lesson plan, students will be able to:

1. understand scientific methods and how to evaluate evidence;

2. explain how scientific conclusions are arrived at and the limitations of the scientific method; 

3. discuss how traditional knowledge differs from scientific research and what can be learned using both methods.

Teachers' Guide

Lesson Plan

Title Type
How to Use this Lesson Plan File
Background Reading Material-Seeing and Knowing in Archaeology File
Discussion and Activities - Instructions File
Archaeology Terminology for Lesson 4 File


This section contains information for assessing progress in students' learning. While Indigenous approaches to assessment may be highlighted, conventional assessment methods may also be discussed:

Related resources on NCCIE.ca

Title Type
VIDEO - Learning from the Ancestors: Archaeology and Indigenous History in the Maritime Provinces of Canada Link

Where can I find additional information?

Title Type
Glimpses of Atlantic Canada’s Past Link
Theory and Method in Maritimes Archaeology Link
Peopling the Maritimes: The Setting Link
The Early and Middle Archaic Period Link
The Late Archaic Period Link
Transitional Archaic Link
Early Woodland: Meadowood Link
Early Woodland: Northeastern Middlesex Tradition Link
Introduction to the Middle and Late Woodland Periods Link
Settlement/Subsistence Models Link
Rock and Mineral Resources Link
Protohistoric Period Link
Modern Native Issues and Archaeology Link
British Archaeological Jobs and Resources Link
The Society of American Archaeology K-12 Activity Resource Page Link

Holism and All Our Relations

This lesson plan has been developed with an Indigenous lens that is holistic in nature, a way of being and knowing that acknowledges our relationships with 'all our relations', including plants and animals, other human beings, the water, land, wind, sun, moon, stars, and more - everything seen and unseen. With 'all our relations' in mind, this lesson plan has been developed with a focus on:

On-the-land/outdoor learning experiences
Language and Culture
Intergenerational learning with Elders/Knowledge Holders
Ethics in the classroom: care, truthfulness and trust, respect, integrity
Different learning styles; attention given to mind, body, and spirit
Healthy relationships in school and community
Connections with everyday life
Participatory and experiential learning activities
Healthy relationship with self and identity
Personal reflection time (connecting with thoughts and feelings)

Lesson Plan Length

Estimated Length (hh:mm): 7:30
(includes time for instruction, activities, self-reflection, and assessment, if applicable)

Other Details

Meets curriculum expectations or outcomes for: Prince Edward Island
New Brunswick
Nova Scotia

Lesson Plan Topics


Please contact Verlé Harrop  for more information.