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History, Social Studies, Science, Indigenous Ways of Knowing & Being

7, 8, 11, 12, 9, 10

Acknowledgement Protocol

Please read this Acknowledgement before the start of this lesson to respect the knowledge that is being shared and the Land of the People where the knowledge originates:

Note: As long as the 'Acknowledgement Protocol' is followed to honour the Land and the People where a lesson plan originates, lesson plans appearing on NCCIE.CA may be adapted to different places and different ages of learners. What is the Land Acknowledgement where you live?   Read More


Name Role/Job Title Place
Cora Woolsey
Patsy McKinney

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this lesson plan, students will be able to:

1. think objectively about objects and recognize the most common pre-European artifacts;

2. articulate questions on archaeology based on their understanding from the required reading material;

3. explain why archaeological research and field work are conducted.

Teachers' Guide

Lesson Plan

Title Type
How to Use this Lesson Plan File
Background Reading Material - An Intro to the Indigenous Archaeological Record File
Discussions and Activities - Instructions File
List of Archaeological Terms File


This section contains information for assessing progress in students' learning. While Indigenous approaches to assessment may be highlighted, conventional assessment methods may also be discussed:

Related resources on NCCIE.ca

Title Type
VIDEO - Learning from the Ancestors: Archaeology and Indigenous History in the Maritime Provinces of Canada Link

Where can I find additional information?

Title Type
Glimpses of Atlantic Canada's Past Link
'Theory and Method in Maritimes Archaeology' Link
'Peopling the Maritimes: The Setting' Link
'The Early and Middle Archaic Period' Link
'The Late Archaic Period' Link
'Transitional Archaic' Link
'Early Woodland: Meadowood' Link
'Early Woodland: Northeastern Middlesex Tradition' Link
'Introduction to the Middle and Late Woodland Periods' Link
'Settlement/Subsistence Models' Link
'Rock and Mineral Resources' Link
'Protohistoric Period' Link
'Modern Native Issues and Archaeology' Link
British Archaeological Jobs and Resources (BAJR) Link
The Society for American Archaeology (SAA) Link

Holism and All Our Relations

This lesson plan has been developed with an Indigenous lens that is holistic in nature, a way of being and knowing that acknowledges our relationships with 'all our relations', including plants and animals, other human beings, the water, land, wind, sun, moon, stars, and more - everything seen and unseen. With 'all our relations' in mind, this lesson plan has been developed with a focus on:

Relationship with the land
On-the-land/outdoor learning experiences
Language and Culture
Intergenerational learning with Elders/Knowledge Holders
Ethics in the classroom: care, truthfulness and trust, respect, integrity
Relationship with family, ancestors
Different learning styles; attention given to mind, body, and spirit
Healthy relationships in school and community
Connections with everyday life
Participatory and experiential learning activities
Healthy relationship with self and identity
Personal reflection time (connecting with thoughts and feelings)

Lesson Plan Length

Estimated Length (hh:mm): 7:30
(includes time for instruction, activities, self-reflection, and assessment, if applicable)

Other Details

Stream: Na
Meets curriculum expectations or outcomes for: New Brunswick
Nova Scotia
Prince Edward Island

Lesson Plan Topics


Please contact Verlé Harrop  for more information.