Download Lesson Plan (PDF) Download Lesson Plan and Resources (ZIP) Share your feedback

Social Studies
English Language Arts, Family and Parenting, History, Indigenous Language, Indigenous Ways of Knowing & Being, Civics, Archaeology


Acknowledgement Protocol

Please read this Acknowledgement before the start of this lesson to respect the knowledge that is being shared and the Land of the People where the knowledge originates:

Note: As long as the 'Acknowledgement Protocol' is followed to honour the Land and the People where a lesson plan originates, lesson plans appearing on NCCIE.CA may be adapted to different places and different ages of learners. What is the Land Acknowledgement where you live?   Read More


Name Role/Job Title Place
Sara Leah Hindy
Michelle Matthews
Scott Butt
Sylvia Moore

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this lesson plan, students will be able to:

1. Explain how primary sources are used to construct historical knowledge; [GCO 6; SCO 1.0]

2. Describe how archaeologists and historians help us understand the past; [GCO 6; SCO 1.0]

3. Describe the challenges of creating an accurate history; [GCO 6; SCO 1.0]

4. Write a history based on primary sources. [GCO 6; SCO 1.0]

Teachers' Guide


  • Spiritual (e.g., Relational) Learners
  • Physical (e.g., Tactile, Experiential, Visual) Learners
  • Intellectual (e.g., Rational, Logical) Learners
  • Emotional (e.g., Feeling, Intuitive) Learners
Title Type
RAN Chart File
Assessment Rubric File
Two objects of cultural and historical value Supplies and Equipment


This section contains information for assessing progress in students' learning. While Indigenous approaches to assessment may be highlighted, conventional assessment methods may also be discussed:
Title Type
The RAN Strategy File
Exploring the Past - Assignment Rubric (Sample) File

Related resources on NCCIE.ca

Title Type
Outdoor Education Link

Where can I find additional information?

Title Type
Eel Spearing, Mi'kmaq Link
Weaving Spruce Root Baskets Link
The Words of White Wolf (Elder Victor Muise) Link

Holism and All Our Relations

This lesson plan has been developed with an Indigenous lens that is holistic in nature, a way of being and knowing that acknowledges our relationships with 'all our relations', including plants and animals, other human beings, the water, land, wind, sun, moon, stars, and more - everything seen and unseen. With 'all our relations' in mind, this lesson plan has been developed with a focus on:

Relationship with the land
On-the-land/outdoor learning experiences
Language and Culture
Intergenerational learning with Elders/Knowledge Holders
Ethics in the classroom: care, truthfulness and trust, respect, integrity
Relationship with family, ancestors
Different learning styles; attention given to mind, body, and spirit
Healthy relationships in school and community
Connections with everyday life
Participatory and experiential learning activities
Healthy relationship with self and identity
Personal reflection time (connecting with thoughts and feelings)

Lesson Plan Length

Estimated Length (hh:mm): 5:00
(includes time for instruction, activities, self-reflection, and assessment, if applicable)

Other Details

Unit Plan Title:
Meets curriculum expectations or outcomes for: Newfoundland and Labrador

Lesson Plan Topics


Please contact Sylvia Moore  for more information.