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Biology, Indigenous Ways of Knowing & Being, Indigenous Language, On-the-Land, Nutrition, Social Studies, Science

12, Post-Secondary

Acknowledgement Protocol

Please read this Acknowledgement before the start of this lesson to respect the knowledge that is being shared and the Land of the People where the knowledge originates:

Note: As long as the 'Acknowledgement Protocol' is followed to honour the Land and the People where a lesson plan originates, lesson plans appearing on NCCIE.CA may be adapted to different places and different ages of learners. What is the Land Acknowledgement where you live?   Read More


Name Role/Job Title Place
Belinda Daniels
Steffany Salloum
Bettina Schneider

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this lesson plan, students will be able to:

1. Examine the traditional hunting practices of the Plains Cree and Métis people, looking specifically at these practices and uses of the buffalo. The introduction of the horse and the gun will be examined, and students will discover how the overhunting and extermination of the buffalo had huge repercussions for Indigenous peoples. 

2. Examine the idea of social responsibility and conservation in relation to the land, plants and animals surrounding us. Also, analyze the social responsibility we have to the next generations. [Broad Areas of Learning]

3. Examine the concepts of conservation and responsible consumption. [Cross-Curricular Competencies] [Science]

4. Examine the various worldviews about the use and distribution of wealth in relation to the needs of the individuals, communities, Nations and the natural environment.

  • Analyze how Indigenous economies were environmentally responsible and examine how the buffalo were integral to Indigenous economies.
  • Illustrate the physical dexterity and mental acuity required for hunting buffalo.
  • Explain how the Métis buffalo hunt was a highly organized, democratic event. 
[RW 10.1 ]

5. Examine the concept of development from an Indigenous perspective. [RW 20.1 ]

6. Analyze the diverse and dynamic relationship between Aboriginal people and the land.

  • Understand that education serves as an instrument of cultural survival and is a component of self-determination for Aboriginal peoples.
[IN 30.2]

PGP Goals: Increase knowledge about the community workings needed to have a successful hunt.

Teachers' Guide


  • Physical (e.g., Tactile, Experiential, Visual) Learners
Title Type
People of the Buffalo Link
Buffalo Hide Tanning and Teachings – Part 7 – Smoking a Buffalo Hide Link
Bison Hunt and the Uses of the Buffalo Link


This section contains information for assessing progress in students' learning. While Indigenous approaches to assessment may be highlighted, conventional assessment methods may also be discussed:

Related resources on NCCIE.ca

Title Type
Buffalo Hide Tanning and Teachings – Part 7 – Smoking a Buffalo Hide Link

Where can I find additional information?

Title Type
People of the Buffalo Link
Bison Hunt and the Uses of the Buffalo Link
The Buffalo by Thomas King Link
Buffalo People Arts Institute Link

Holism and All Our Relations

This lesson plan has been developed with an Indigenous lens that is holistic in nature, a way of being and knowing that acknowledges our relationships with 'all our relations', including plants and animals, other human beings, the water, land, wind, sun, moon, stars, and more - everything seen and unseen. With 'all our relations' in mind, this lesson plan has been developed with a focus on:

Relationship with the land
On-the-land/outdoor learning experiences
Language and Culture
Ethics in the classroom: care, truthfulness and trust, respect, integrity
Relationship with family, ancestors
Different learning styles; attention given to mind, body, and spirit
Connections with everyday life
Healthy relationship with self and identity
Personal reflection time (connecting with thoughts and feelings)

Lesson Plan Length

Estimated Length (hh:mm): 2:00
(includes time for instruction, activities, self-reflection, and assessment, if applicable)

Other Details

Unit Plan Title:
Stream: General, Academic
Meets curriculum expectations or outcomes for: Saskatchewan

Lesson Plan Topics


Please contact Bettina Schneider  for more information.